Updated on 04/14/2022 13:32
- Cervical cancer is one of the most common types of cancer.
- Vaccination against HPV can protect against it.
- In the future, even more young people should receive an offer of vaccination.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has updated its vaccination recommendations for the prevention of cervical cancer. In a press release, she writes that a simple vaccination against the human papillomavirus (HPV) provides sufficient protection for women under 21 years of age. According to a recent study on the effectiveness of the single dose, the previously recommended second spikes are not necessary. The WHO still recommends two or three doses of the vaccine for people aged 21 and over and those with weakened immune systems.
With the new recommendation, more people can be vaccinated with the same level of protection, says committee chairman Alejandro Cravioto. Only 13% of the world’s population would currently benefit from double vaccination protection. In the poorest countries in particular, the rate is low. This is due to high costs, a lack of resources or administrative obstacles. The new regulation aims to remedy the situation.
“I firmly believe that it is possible to eliminate cervical cancer. The single-dose recommendation gives us the opportunity to more quickly reach our goal of having 90% of 15-year-old girls immunized by 2030,” says Dr. Princess Nothemba (Nono) Simelela of WHO.
RKI: Most are infected “at least once in their life”
Although there is a vaccine that, according to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), protects “almost 100%” against infection with HPV viruses, 340,000 people worldwide have died from cervical cancer. uterus in 2020 alone. According to the RKI, a large portion of the population is infected with the sexually transmitted human papillomavirus “at least once in their lifetime, usually shortly after the onset of sexual activity.”
The Standing Committee on Vaccination (STIKO) therefore recommends appropriate vaccination before the first sexual intercourse. This should ideally take place between the ages of nine and fourteen. By the way, the recommendation applies not only to girls, but also to boys since 2018. Because HPV viruses can also cause tumors in men, for example in the mouth, throat, genital and anal areas.
© 1&1 Mail & Media/spot on news
An absolute milestone in genetics: For the first time, scientists have managed to completely sequence the DNA code of a human being – and this could provide medicine with amazing insights into the causes of diseases such as cancer. © ProSiebenSat.1