Active Solidarity Income (RSA) dependent on activity and “solidarity at source” for social assistance payment, for Emmanuel Macron; Mass expulsion of foreigners from HLMs and deprivation of their welfare for Marine Le Pen: these are the main lines of the social programs of the finalists of the second round of the presidential elections on April 24th. You have to convince the 40% of French people who live on less than 1,600 euros per month per consumption unit (2,400 euros for a couple), i.e. the middle and working classes, a large proportion of whom voted in the first ballot Jean-Luc Mélenchon or abstained from voting.
Emmanuel Macron’s program: simplify, even save money?
Emmanuel Macron’s philosophy can already be seen in his first five-year term: prevent poverty and so-called inequalities in destiny and restore equal opportunities as far as possible. This is what early childhood measures are aimed at, including the “1,000 first days” plan, from birth to kindergarten, compulsory schooling from the age of 3, breakfasts benefiting 200,000 children, the doubling of CP and CE1 -Classes in the Priority Education Networks (REP), affecting 300,000 children.
For Mr. Macron, getting out of poverty also means finding a job, the only guarantee of emancipation and integration. That’s why he always refused to raise the RSA. For the new five-year term, the candidate for re-election proposes to tie it to activity training, “effective activity that enables integration”, fifteen to twenty hours a week. But since the announcement of this proposal on March 17, and given the outcry it provoked from the left and from unions, members of the majority have softened it: “This does not apply to people who have serious health problems, mental health problems or difficulties in caring for children.”corrected, for example, Minister of Labor Elisabeth Borne.
Martin Hirsch, the author of the 2008 law that converted the Minimum Integration Income (RMI) to RSA, weighed in on a forum at the self World from March 31, that “The activity requirement for RSA receivers creates more problems than it solves (…). The law already provided for compulsory registration with the Pôle emploi and social support, but there is an average of six months between receiving the RSA and the first meeting with a reference counselor, a terrible delay when you have a loose connection to the job”. Herr Hirsch adds that “The departments have reduced their integration effort by 30% [entre 2009 et 2018] in the absence of full reimbursement of the costs of the aid by the state”. However, to get the nearly 2 million RSA beneficiaries back on track to employment today will require massive investment in their personalized aftercare.
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